Виза в Великобританию для предпринимателей уровня 1

Для кого?

Это категория балльной системы для лиц, желающих инвестировать в бизнес в Великобритании.  

Предприниматель уровня 1 будет открыт только для подачи заявлений на продление и будет заменен на визу новатора.

Тест «Настоящий предприниматель»

Тест на «подлинного предпринимателя» будет проводиться сотрудником Министерства внутренних дел с учетом перечисленных ниже факторов при принятии решения о том, удовлетворен ли он или она подлинным заявителем:

  • доказательства, представленные заявителем; 
  • жизнеспособность и надежность источника денег, указанных в Таблице 4 Приложения A; 
  • жизнеспособность и надежность бизнес-планов заявителя и исследования рынка в выбранном им секторе бизнеса; 
  • предыдущий образовательный и деловой опыт заявителя (или его отсутствие);
  • если заявитель уже зарегистрировался в Великобритании в качестве самозанятого лица или директора бизнеса, а характер бизнеса требует обязательной аккредитации, регистрации и / или страхования, независимо от того, была ли такая аккредитация, регистрация и / или страхование;
  • история иммиграции заявителя и предыдущая деятельность в Великобритании; а также 
  • любая другая соответствующая информация.

Кандидатам необходимо набрать не менее 95 баллов, чтобы успешно подать заявку на получение визы, и они могут претендовать на баллы следующими способами:

1. Атрибуты

Первоначальное приложение

Кандидат должен набрать 75 баллов по этому разделу следующим образом:

  • Предоставляя доказательства того, что заявитель имеет доступ как минимум к 200 000 фунтов стерлингов: 25 баллов (макс.) Или имеет доступ к 50 000 фунтов стерлингов, хранящимся в регулируемом финансовом учреждении (макс. 25 баллов), которое было профинансировано:
    • Фирма венчурных капиталистов, зарегистрированная FSA
    • Департамент правительства Великобритании
    • Департамент децентрализованной администрации или
    • Конкурс начального финансирования предпринимательства, признанный организацией UK Trade and Investment.
  • Предоставляя доказательства того, что деньги хранятся в одном или нескольких регулируемых финансовых учреждениях: 25 баллов (макс.)
  • Предоставляя доказательства того, что деньги находятся в свободном обращении в Великобритании: 25 баллов (макс.)

Мигрантам уровня 1 ( дипломированный предприниматель ), подающим заявку на переход в категорию уровня 1 (предприниматель), необходимо предоставить доступ только к 50 000 фунтов стерлингов. Эти средства уже могут быть инвестированы в бизнес или частично инвестированы вместе с доступом к наличным средствам на балансе в размере 50 000 фунтов стерлингов.

The funding can now be made available to the applicant's business, rather than directly in the applicant's name, provided that there is evidence to link the applicant sufficiently to that business.

For applications made from within the UK, the funds to be invested into the business must also be in the UK.

The applicant must claim 75 points in total using the points earned in all of the above mentioned subsections.

2. English Language

For Tier 1 (Entrepreneur), applicants are required to provide evidence that they speak, communicate and understand English language to a certain level. This requirement can be met in one of the following three ways:

  • By being a national of one of the majority English speaking countries, i.e. USA, Australia, Canada, etc. 
  • By having a degree level qualification from an English speaking country
  • By having passed an English language Test level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference required, please refer to the Approved English Tests Providers List)

This will give 10 points to the applicant.

Following persons however will automatically be given 10 points under this section:

  • Those who have leave to remain/entry clearance under Tier 1 (General) or Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) and are seeking an extension of leave to remain.

10 points under the English language requirement will also be awarded automatically to those who were granted their initial leave under the Business Person category under the previous Immigration Rules. They were required to satisfy the stringent English language criteria but the rules have been relaxed to acknowledge that the English language requirement was not a requirement when they were granted their initial leave.

3. Maintenance

Applicants need to score 10 points under this section by providing evidence confirming sufficient money for the maintenance and accommodation of themselves and any dependants. It is necessary to provide evidence that a specific amount of money was held for at least 3 months prior to making the application (initial or extension).

The applicant must provide evidence that he has access to the following amounts of money to make the visa application for himself and his family members:

  • £3310 from 01 July 2014, if the applicant is making an entry clearance application from outside the UK
  • £945, if the applicant is making an in-country application either to extend his existing visa or an initial application while remaining in the UK
  • £1890 for each family member where the main applicant has been in the UK for less than 12 months
  • £630 for each family member if the applicant and the family members are residing in the UK and the main applicant has been in the UK for more than 12 months

Please note that the applicant must have the above mentioned funds in addition to the £200,000 that he intends to invest in the business.

To discuss your visa application contact with one of our immigration lawyers by phone 
+44 (0) 207 907 1460 (London),
+7 495 933 7299 (Moscow), 
+971 509 265 140 (Dubai)
or complete our enquiry format on the top of the site

Source of Funding

It is not necessary for the applicant to show £200,000 (or £50,000) of his own money to seek entry clearance or further leave to remain under the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) category. He can rely on third party funding for the required £200,000. The third parties may be one of the following:

  • Family members (within the UK or overseas)
  • Any other investor (within the UK or overseas)
  • Any corporate body (within the UK or overseas)

Please note that third party funding is only allowed to make up the £200,000 to invest in the business, the applicant must have money of his own to score points under the maintenance funds section.

If funds are held by another business, which is not the business that applicant rely to score points, then these funds will be considered as a funding from a third party.

To avoid recycling the funds between the applicants the new rule is introduced. The applicants can not rely on funds or investments that have been provided by another Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa holder or his close family members. The question “who can be considered as close family member” will be considered individually.

Duration of Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) and settlement

First time applicants will be given 3 years and 4 months stay whether they apply for entry clearance or switch from another immigration category.

Those who are already on a Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa will be granted an extension for 2 years to enable them complete five years’ residence in the UK and thus apply for ILR.  All other applicants will be granted an extension of stay of 3 years.

Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants will also be eligible for accelerated settlement upon completion of 3 years` time, provided they fulfil one of the following requirements:

  • Creation of 10 full time positions for resident workers for at least 12 months; or
  • Generation of a turnover of at least £5 million over a 3 years period

The requirements relating to naturalization applications have not been affected and even if they obtain ILR on completing three years’ residence they would still be required to wait for another 2 years and comply with the residence and other requirements in order to apply for naturalization.

Extension Application

If a Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrant is not eligible for accelerated settlement upon completion of 3 years’ residence he will need to obtain an extension for 2 years to enable him  complete five years’ residence in the UK and thus apply for ILR.

The applicant has to score 75 points in the following manner:

  • By providing evidence that the applicant has invested, or had invested on his behalf, not less than £200,000 (or £50,000 if the initial application was made on this basis) directly into one or more businesses in the UK. (max. 20 points).
  • By providing evidence that the applicant has registered with HM Revenue & Customs as a self-employed person or registered a new business in which he is a director or registered as a director of an existing business. (Max. 20 Points). This requirement must be met within six months of the grant of the initial visa if the applicant was granted his last leave to remain/entry clearance under Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) and wishes to seek an extension of stay.
  • By providing evidence that the applicant is engaged in business activity at the time of this application for leave to remain (max. 15 points).
  • By providing evidence that his business has created two full-time positions for persons settled in the UK (max. 20 points). If the applicant`s last grant of leave is as a Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) then these two jobs must have existed for at least 12 months.

The applicant can only claim 75 points if he can provide the relevant documentary evidence and claim points under all of the sub-sections mentioned above.

Tier 1 (Entrepreneurs) is not required to provide evidences of English language to obtain extensions of visas.

Main applicant  seeking further leave to remain must have at least £945 of personal savings which must have held for a consecutive 90 day period prior to the date of application. If the Tier 1 Migrant has been in the United Kingdom for 12 months or more, the dependant must have £630 to support yourself.

Allowable absences

The Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants will be allowed to remain outside the UK for maximum 180 days in any calendar year without losing their right to apply for permanent settlement after 3 (if they create 10 full time jobs for 1 year or generate a turnover of £5 million) or 5 years.

Work Allowed

Applicants having leave to remain or leave to enter under the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) category will be allowed to work only for the business in which they have invested money. They will not be allowed to take supplementary employment. However their dependants will be allowed to seek work or engage in self-employment activities for the duration of their visas. The only restriction for them is that they cannot work as trainee doctors or dentists or professional sportspersons or sports coaches in the UK.

Entrepreneurial teams

Applicants can also apply in an entrepreneurial team of two people but each must have equal access to the investment funds.  They can apply at the same time for the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa using the same level of funds, i.e. either £200K or £50K funded by one of the above-mentioned establishments. Each one of them will still need to pass the language and maintenance requirements.

Switching Rules

Into Tier 1 (Entrepreneur):

The following persons will be able to switch into the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) category:

  • A Tier 1 (General) migrant
  • A Tier 1 (Investor) migrant
  • A Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) migrant
  • A Tier 2 migrant
  • A prospective entrepreneur

The rules of switching are very strict and no one else is allowed to switch to Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) while remaining in the UK, unless there are exceptionally compassionate circumstances.

Settlement Prospects

Although applicants on the above-mentioned visas are allowed to switch into the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) category, only the following will be able to use time spent on their visas towards the 5 years’ residence criteria for ILR.

  • Person having previously stayed as a Business Person
  • Persons having previously stayed as an Innovator

It means that if a work permit holder having already spent 3 years on a work permit switches into the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) category, he/she will lose that 3 years for settlement purposes and have to complete 5 years on a Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa in order to become eligible for settlement.

Those who have completed a total of five years in a combination of a Business Person visa or an Innovator visa or a Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa will be able to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain one month before completing their five years.

Applicants for ILR under the accelerated route must also that they have invested the funds.

Administrative Review 

If the entry clearance application is refused by the ECO in the British Diplomatic post, the applicant will be given a right of Administrative Review of the decision that must be exercised within 28 days of the date of service of decision. The applicant will only be able to rely on the information and documents already submitted with the application and will not be allowed to submit any fresh documentary evidence with the Review request. It is therefore strongly advised to seek professional help when making a Review request.

If an application for further leave to remain in the UK is refused by the Home Office, the applicant will be given a right of Administrative Review of the decision that must be exercised within 14 days of the date of service of decision. The applicant will only be able to rely on the information and documents already submitted with the application and will not be allowed to submit any fresh documentary evidence with the Review request. It is therefore strongly advised to seek professional help when making a Review request.

What services can we offer?

  • We can advise on the procedure, legal and evidential requirements and merits of making an application to the Home Office or entry clearance post.
  • We can advise and represent our clients in making representations in support of their immigration matters.
  • We can advise and represent our clients’ dependants in order to seek dependant visas in line with the visa of the main applicant.
  • We can lodge an appeal (in-country only) or make a request for an administrative review if the applicant`s entry clearance application is refused.
  • We can advise in making applications for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) for those who have already completed their relevant residence period in the UK.
  • We can assist in searching and purchasing an existing business, advise on franchise opportunities.
  • We can provide an incorporation of a UK company and annual support service, assistance with company assets management by means of registration of trusts and offshore companies, accounting and legal services for UK companies.
  • We can assist in opening a bank account.
  • Мы можем проконсультировать по действующему налоговому законодательству, подготовить и подать годовые налоговые декларации.
  • Мы можем предложить личную страховку и страхование бизнеса.
  • Мы можем предложить услуги консьержа для вашего переезда в Великобританию.
  • Мы можем предложить вам поиск недвижимости и зачисление в школу для ваших детей в Великобритании.

В любом случае, мы здесь, чтобы помогать, помогать, консультировать и представлять наших клиентов в отношении любого аспекта их иммиграционных вопросов. 

 

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